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Every online service we use today exists because of programming languages. Their number is large, so you may wonder: which programming languages are the most valuable to learn and are in high demand by businesses in 2022?

1. Python


Python is at the top of our list. Guido van Rossum created it 30 years ago as an object-oriented, flexible, general-purpose programming language. This technology is used in the creation of applications such as Instagram, Pinterest, Disqus, Uber, Reddit, Dropbox, Spotify, Google Search, and Youtube, among others. As a result, programmers who are familiar with this programming language are in high demand by IT staffing firms. Python was the top programming language in the TIOBE and PYPL Index in 2021, demonstrating its popularity. It is reasonable to expect that this trend will continue.

Why did it come in first?

  • According to Stack Overflow, Python is the most popular backend programming language and the most wanted technology.
  • It is also the most popular language for Data Scientists and Machine Learning Engineers.
  • It has a lot of followers and a great community that helps and supports each other.
  • Although Python is 30 years old, it’s still growing in popularity. Just look at the Tiobe INDEX:
  • It offers various possibilities. It allows you to create applications, AI software, games, websites, and many more.
  • Python has a lot of fans because it is clear, easy to learn syntax. It is a very popular choice for beginners.
  • The time required to test the code is highly reduced because of the interactive features of the languages such as quick code tests.

2. JavaScript

JavaScript, the frontend king, comes in second. It is a programming language used to create websites. According to the Stack Overflow Developers Survey, it will be the most popular and third most desired programming language in 2021. Despite being the most popular language, it was also the most sought-after technology by hiring managers in 2020.

It, too, has a strong community and a plethora of off-the-shelf libraries and frameworks that make working with the language simple. If you need to create a frontend for your website, application, or software, JavaScript is unrivalled. It's one of the best platforms for creating dynamic elements on a website.

3. Go


Go is the next language to consider if you want to learn a new programming skill. Google created this technology in 2007 and it was used to create web apps and APIs. Even though Go has not grown at the same rate as the previously mentioned languages, it is still considered highly sought after in terms of skills.
It is a simple, reliable, and efficient general-purpose programming language with a clean syntax that makes it simple to write simple, reliable, and efficient software.

It is now one of the highest-paid technologies and the second most popular backend programming language. That is, if you learn this programming language, you will have no trouble finding a well-paying job. According to Stack Overflow, the average annual salary is around $76k.

Because Go, like Python, is used to create artificial intelligence-based systems, its popularity is expected to grow.

4. Java

Just a few years ago, Java probably would have been at the top of our list. It was the language of the year in 2005 and 2015. However, the popularity of this well-known language is declining year after year, as is evident in the TIOBE INDEX:

In addition, Java is still a stable language that many large corporations support. It is used by companies such as NASA, Netflix, Spotify, LinkedIn, Uber, Amazon, and many more.

This programming language is now used in mobile applications, web development, and even Big Data. It is the primary programming language for Android devices, so its demand will still be high. Today it is still the 5th most popular technology according to Stack Overflow.

5. C / C++


C is one of the oldest programming languages, from which other languages like JavaScript and C# derive. C++ can be thought of as an extended version of C.

Because both languages are fast, they are frequently used to create a variety of applications. They are universal languages, which means they can be compiled for a wide range of platforms. Programmers adore them because they are extremely fast and efficient.

According to the TIOBE Index, C is currently the second most popular language, trailing only Python.

6. C#


C# is a high-level, object-oriented, general-purpose programming language developed by Microsoft as an alternative to Java. C# is tightly integrated with the.NET platform, which includes a framework as well as a runtime environment.

C# is a programming language used to create applications for Windows systems. Nonetheless, since the.NET framework was added to Linux and Mac systems, it is now possible to write native software in this language for almost any platform. This technology can be used to create Windows apps, video games, anti-hacking software, mobile apps, VR, and many other things. Global behemoths like Slack and Pinterest use it. It is currently ranked #5 on Tiobe.

7. R


R, like Python, is one of the most popular programming languages for machine learning and Big Data. Many companies, including Google and Facebook, use it. R is a programming language that is popular in data analytics, so it is frequently required in job postings. The R programming language includes a library that allows programmers to create machine learning algorithms. Given the increasing popularity and demand for AI solutions, this technology will undoubtedly be worth keeping an eye on in 2022.

8. Ruby


Ruby is a fully object-oriented, interpreted programming language. It was created in the 1990s and is widely regarded as simple to learn. It is frequently used for scripting, text processing, and prototyping new applications due to its simple syntax.

The vast web frameworks and applications written in this language, such as the well-known Ruby on Rails, are a significant advantage.

Twitch, Shopify, Starbucks, and Tumblr all use Ruby as a stable and popular programming language. Furthermore, it is the world's sixth highest-paying programming language.

9. Kotlin


Kotlin is a programming language from the JVM family. It is succinct, easy to read, and maintain. It has a secure and intelligent compiler and can run on a wide range of platforms. When Google announced in 2019 that Kotlin is now its prefered language for Android apps, interest in this programming language skyrocketed. It's important to note that Google apps are written in Kotlin. If you're interested in Android app development and want to work in this field, learning Kotlin in 2022 might be a good idea.

Although it has a smaller software developer community than Java, it is much more popular (nearly 62 percent of programmers said they love this language) and better paid.

10. Swift


Apple released Swift, a programming language, in 2014. It took the place of Objective-C, which was previously used by the company. It is primarily used in devices that run macOS, iOS, and Linux. Its syntax is similar to that of Java and C#, and it allows you to write applications for watches, tablets, computers, smartphones, televisions, and servers.

Apple is still one of the most powerful brands, and as a result, Swift will be a major player this year. Swift's popularity is on the rise again, according to TIOBE, and as a result, it is a technology worth knowing in 2022.

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